Plastic surgery generally involves a process of restoration and reconstruction of the human body due to damage caused by the external factors or just for the purpose of improving appearance. The surgical process generally consists of two categories where the first one involves reconstructive surgery and the other is a cosmetic or aesthetic surgery. Reconstructive surgery is generally performed in cases when there is an abnormality in the body structure. This can be caused due to various factors like trauma, accident, infection or certain congenital defects. It is generally done to improve function and ability and also some times can be performed to improve the appearance and structure of the deformed part. Some of the procedures carried out under this process include cleft lip and palate surgery, post burn reconstruction and hand surgery to name a few.
Unlike the reconstructive surgery cosmetic surgery mainly focuses on enhancing the appearance of the face and body. The process is majorly performed to improve the aesthetic appeal and make corrections in symmetry and proportions of a particular part. Some of the procedures included in the scope of the surgery include facial contouring, breast enhancement, skin rejuvenation and more. Both plastic and cosmetic surgeries have their own set of advantages rather than just improving facial appearance. Like when you look good you feel good as well and this intern increases your self confidence. This holds true when after a trauma the corrections are made in your appearance. This helps you to come out of the trauma soon. Other the just improving outward appearance it also improves physical health like in breast reduction process not only improves body contour but your overall well being. Similarly when liposuction surgeries are carried out it keeps all the extra weight off the body. This in turn improves the general well being of the body by keeping diseases away.
Along with the benefits one should be aware of the associated risks as well. Since these are surgical processes some complications might arise during the surgery like infection. Other then this sometimes the surgery leaves scars that do not heal with time. Finally there are risks associated with the administering of anesthesia as well some people might react adversely to it. Therefore it is important to take into account the risks associated before getting the surgery done.